Linux is a great operating system and is used in many of the devices around us. In fact, Linux covers the most of the devices that run internet and that we use in our daily life. From web servers to our mobile phones, there is Linux everywhere. Though the use of Linux in desktop and personal computers is a bit less as compared to Windows and Mac. If you are one of those people who want to know about the best books for learning Linux then don’t worry, I will have it covered in this article.
Why do you need to Learn Linux shell commands?
Since Linux is just a kernel and the Linux operating systems are made around this kernel using different software. In the old days of internet and Linux, there weren’t any desktop environments for Linux or the graphical fronted so people had to use command line or shell. Even today, you would need to know about Linux commands and how to use the shell for doing quick tasks and becoming a system administrator of Linux servers etc. So, I am going to show you some of the best free available books that is going to increase your knowledge of Linux operating system and Linux shell commands. After mastering and practicing them you will be able to do most of the tasks in Linux by just using the command line or shell.
How will I learn Linux?
Now there is a question that many people new to the Linux world asks that how do I learn Linux? Well, the answer is simple and yet complex at the same time. Learning Linux doesn’t mean that you can just follow a book and you will be an expert in Linux. It depends more on what you are going to do with Linux. Are you a person willing to become a system administrator? Then the book and information about Linux is going to be different than a person who wants to learn Linux programming or shell programming. It all comes down to the person’s own desire to what he wants to learn. There isn’t just one book available that will give you everything on Linux.
Now to cover it down in simple points, the people that wants to learn Linux can be divided into roughly these types :
- Those people who have never used Linux and are using Windows, but want to increase their information about Linux.
- People that have already used Linux but want to know more about it and get their knowledge to a more higher level about it.
- People who desire to learn the bash scripting and shell scripting in Linux.
- People who want to become system administrators and want to learn the Linux commandline so they can run Linux servers and how to do tasks in Linux using shell. In short, those people who want to learn how to become sysadmins in Linux.
Since there are many beginners who are in search of pdf books to learn linux and want to know these books. So, I will be sharing those free ebooks with you that you can use to learn Linux. I will share it by the level of material in it i.e for beginners to users that have already used Linux. Also, I will arrange it for the different purposes that you would need. So, for people who want to become system administraors, there are going to be different books then for those people who want to learn linux bash and shell programming.
Books for learning Linux commandline :
Those people who want to learn the Linux commandline and increase their knowledge of bash or shell. These are the books that you would want to read :
GNU/Linux Commandline tools Summary :
This is a book for people who want to learn about the Linux shell and bash commandline. It will help you learn most of the commands that are used in Linux operating system. You will be able to learn how to do tasks in Linux by using the commandline, i.e the bash or shell. It will also allow you to learn shell scripting in Linux.
Bash Reference Manual :
This is yet another book about the Linux shell called bash. It will let you know more about the Linux bash shell. This book has a lot information about the bash shell and your knowledge will increase a lot when you read this book. This book will cover the many aspects of the bash shell which is the most commonly used shell in Linux. It is one of the best Linux reference book for the Bash shell and programming language.
Bash guide for beginners :
This is yet another book about the bash shell of the Linux operating system. This will let you know many of the bash commands that are used to do different tasks in Linux. It will also allow you to learn bash scripting. It is made by the Linux Documentation project.
Advanced Bash Scripting :
This book is for those people who to learn about the advanced scripting that can be done in the bash programming language. This book will increase the bash knowledge that you already have and will let you know more about the things that can be done with bash. This book has over 900 pages so it is a must have book to read for you if you want to learn advanced bash scripting.
AWK Programming Language :
This book is for those people who want to learn the awk programming language. It will increase your knowledge of scripting and how awk programming language can be used in Linux.
Linux 101 hacks :
This book is made by the The Geek Stuff project and is a pretty good one if you want to know more about the Linux commandline. It comes with a lot of practical examples and is very easy to understand. It will let you know about the geeky things that can be done using Linux commandline.
Linux Books for Absolute Beginners :
The above books were for learning the linux commandline. Now if you are a beginner and are wondering for some books that are absolutely targeted at the beginners, so here is the list of those books for you. These books will cover most of the beginner knowledge about Linux operating system. Although, people who are not beginners and want to increase their knowledge can read them too.
Linux fundamentals :
This is a book that covers the fundamentals of Linux operating system and the most basic Linux commands. It also covers about the history of Linux and will help beginners a lot in learning the basic things about Linux.
Introduction to Linux :
This a book for those people who are very new to the Linux world. It will tell you about the history of Linux, and the basic commands that are used in Linux. It is a must have book for beginners!
Learn Linux in 5 days :
This is a book for beginners that will teach you the basic commands of Linux, how to install Linux and get started with it. It’s going to let you know what Linux is at the basic level and things you need to learn use Linux.
The Ultimate Linux Newbie Guide :
This book is also for newbies who want to quickly learn Linux. This book will teach you to use Linux as your desktop and the things that are need to use Linux in an effective way. It’s going to teach you how to use of Linux in your daily life for your day to day activities.
Linux Books for becoming System Administrators /sysadmins :
Now, lets jump to the books that are for people who want to become system administrators or sysadmins.
Linux Network Administrators Guide
This is one of those books that you want to read to become a good system administrator. In fact, this book has so much knowledge that even sysadmins can take benefit from it. This book will help you learning all the administration activities that can be done on Linux. This book will cover from the beginning level to advanced level about linux administration. It will cover all the beginner level topics and will also let you go the advanced level too. You can learn network configuration, setting up firewalls, ip configurations and much more. All in all it is a book for beginners as well as expert people.
Introduction to Linux, A hands on guide :
This is a book that will let you start from the beginning to know about the Linux structure and how Linux works. It It has exercises as well at the end of each chapters. It will also help advanced users by giving desktop references. It has many practical examples in it. It’s a very good book if you want to know in detail about the Linux operating system.
Linux Security for Beginners :
This is a book which let you know in detail about the Linux security. It is for beginners but expert users can take benefit from it as well if they don’t know about securing linux from an attack. It has a very step by step approach and will help you to secure Linux from an outside attack. A must have book for sysadmins and those who want to learn about Linux security.
GNU/Linux Advanced Administration :
Once you have learned about the Linux system administration, then you should read this book. It should be for enhancing your system administration to a greater level. This book will let you know how to configure multiple services at a time and how to optimize resources. This is a must have book for those who already know about Linux system administration.
Linux Administration Made Easy
This is also a must have book for those who want to become system administrator. It will let you know how you can install and configure services in Linux. It will allow you learn about the day to day things that should be done for running and managing a linux web server.
The Design of the UNIX Operating System
This is a book which let you learn how the Linux operating system is made and all of its infrastructure and working. Though, this book is for anyone who want to increase their knowledge of Linux but people want to become sysadmins should definitely read it. It will increase a great deal of their knowledge about Linux and help them in becoming better sysadmins.
Free Linux Books for Sysadmins
Now since we have covered those books which you can read to become sysadmins. Let us jump to those books that can be ready by sysadmins to help them in better administration. These books will help them how to tackle problems effectively and provide good solutions to the day to day problems.
Linux Security and Hardening :
This is one of those books that will help you secure your Linux operating system better. This will allow you to learn how you can tackle security attacks on your web servers and networks. It will let you learn how to harden your Linux system, protect it from hackers and much more. It is a must have book for sysadmins and other people alike who want to learn how to secure their Linux systems. In a breif overview, it let you know how to enforce strong password policies, good sudo configuration, securing ssh and networks etc.
Linux from Scratch :
Linux from scratch is a very popular ebook that is recommended to both system administrators as well as new people. Though, new people might find it a bit difficult to understand. This book will let you learn how you can create a Linux operating system from scratch. From installing a kernel, to building your own desired desktop environment. All will be covered in this book.
Linux Kernel in a nutshell :
This book will let you know how you can install a kernel and boot from it. It will let you know about kernel programming and configuration. A hands on Linux kernel book it is! You can learn how to retrieve the kernel source and build the kernel. Configure the kernel according to your liking. Also, you will learn how to upgrade and optimize your kernel. It also contains some good references that will be helpful for you to manage Linux kernels.
Linux Kernel Crashbook :
This is a book that will let you know how to manage kernel crashes. What to do when a kernel is crashed and many real life kernel related issues. It will allow you to understand what actually happens behind the Linux shell.
Now, these were the books that sysadmins can utilize in Linux. Let us jump to the books that can be read to learn shell scripting and other scripting languages in Linux.
Books to Learn Linux Shell scripting :
Now two of the books are already mentioned above in the learning Linux commandline section i.e Bash guide for beginners and Advanced Bash scripting. But let me tell you more books that can be read to learn bash and shell scripting.
Linux Shell Scripting Cookbook
This is a book that you can read to learn about Linux Shell scripting. It is a very short book as compared to other books that I have mentioned here with 40 pages. But it has good information in it with theory and practical examples. It can be handy book to learn about scripting in Linux shell. In fact it may have some of the information that you might have not gotten anywhere else. So you should definitely read it.
Learn Vimscript the Hard Way :
This is a book that will allow to you learn about the vim editor. You will be able to learn about vimscript programming language and how to edit your ~.vimrc file to customize it. It covers in detail about the vimscript language like variables etc. You will also learn how to create a plugin that can be used by the people using vim editor.
Gawk: Effective AWK Programming
This book will let you learn the awk programming language. It will go in detail about this language explaining its syntax and solving problems with AWK. You will also learn how to use gawk in this book.
C-shell Cookbook :
This book is about the c shell language in Linux. This book covers the different techniques that can be used to make scripts in c-shell language along with Starlink software. It will allow to create c-shell scripts, run them and know more about the c-shell programming language. It will let you know the c-shell variables, string operations etc.
Now these were some of the books that you can read to increase your knowledge of scripting.
But there are some books which are specific to different Linux operating systems like Ubuntu, Debian, Arch Linux etc. Let us jump into those books :
List of Linux Distribution Specific Books
Now let us go through the books that are specific to the distribution that you want to use.
Ubuntu Manual :
This is a book for learning how to use the Ubuntu operating system. It gets updated after every Ubuntu release is out. Although, it is an independent project but it is good for those people who want to start using Ubuntu. You can get much information about how to do different tasks in Ubuntu by reading this book. It is for absolute beginners who are looking to use Ubuntu as their operating system providing them with easy instructions.
Solus Linux Manual :
Solus is an operating system that’s getting more and more popular nowadays. The Solus Linux Manual is going to teach you get started with Solus Operating system. It has information about the Solus Linux packaging system i.e eopkg and much more about using Solus for your day to day needs. It will teach you how to use Solus as your primary desktop operating system.
Linux Mint Essentials :
This is a book covering the Linux Mint Operating System. It will help you get started with Linux mint and using it as your daily driver. It will teach you how you can use Linux Mint effectively as your desktop operating system. If you are looking to use Linux Mint and haven’t used it before, this book is worth reading to get started.
So these were the books that can be read by people who are willing to learn Linux or enhance their already have Linux skills. I had covered many Linux books that are aimed at different people and different purposes. If you know of any books that can be a part of the lists that I made, so comment below. Also tell me about your favorite books of Linux that you have read.
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